Beef Kidney Hydrolysate - Kidney Hydrolysate is designed to keep your pet's kidney's working at their very best by repairing damaged cellular tissue, facilitating enzyme reactions, and optimizing kidney performance
D-Mannose - D-mannose is commonly known to prevent certain kinds of bacteria, particularly E. coli, from sticking to the walls of the urinary tract. E. coli is the main strain of bacteria responsible for causing UTI's in the first place. Mannose receptors are part of the protective layer that’s found on cells that line the urinary tract. These receptors are able to bind to E. coli and filter out during urination, thereby preventing both adhesion to and invasion of the delicate urothelial cells.
Curcumin - Curcumin can help prevent a substance called NF kappa-B, one of the primary triggers for bladder inflammation, from being produced.
Cranberry Extract - Cranberry Extract, similar to D-Mannose, contains specific compounds that prevent bacteria from attaching to the inner surface of the urinary tract or bladder. For this reason, many veterinarians recommend cranberry extract for prophylactic purposes
Magnesium Gluconate - Magensium is an essential mineral with a myriad of functions, including facilitating proper nerve, tissue, and muscle development, including those of the liver, bladder, and kidneys.
Zinc Gluconate – Zinc has been suggested by researchers as a very effective nutrient in proper urinary tract function. Zinc is actually toxic to bacteria, which could explain its effectiveness. It is formulated into gluconate in order for the body to easily absorb it as well as because it is non-toxic.
Sodium Citrate - Sodium Citrate acts as an alkalizing agent which can help reduce the acidity of the urine as well as potentially relieve discomfort that occurs while urinating.
Chamomile Extract - Chamomile Extract has a wide variety of antiseptic and anti-inflammatory benefits, and it works in conjunction with the other ingredients listed here to provide increase overall effectiveness of this product.
Celery Extract - Celery naturally stimulates the production of urine, which means that it can wash out urine as well as keeping it clean of unwanted bacteria. It also helps reduce the body’s production of uric acid. Historically speaking, it is believed that high uric acid levels can increase your pet's risk of developing a UTI, so keeping them on the lower end is ideal.
Burdock Root Extract - Burdock root has been used for centuries to fight the common cold, sore throats, and other ailments. It is particularly useful for preventing biofilms, which are large, sticky colonies of bacteria, which can form throughout the body, including the urinary tract.
Siberian Ginseng Extract - Siberian Ginseng can help regulate pathogenic factors and reduce the overall chance of infection.
Gingkgo Biloba Extract - Gingko Biloba has a wide variety of uses, particularly because it contains high levels of flavonoids and terpenoids, (antioxidants that provide protection against oxidative cell damage from harmful free radicals).
Vitamin-Enriched Wheat – A gentle but effective bio-stimulator; contains an optimal formulation of fibers, minerals, and vitamins such as phosphorus, zinc, iron, potassium, B-vitamins, and folate.
Full Ingredient List: Beef Kidney Hydrolysate, D - Mannose, Curcumin, Cranberry Extract, Magnesium Gluconate, Zinc Gluconate, Sodium Citrate, Chamomile Extract, Celery Extract, Burdock Root Extract, Siberian Ginseng Extract, Gingkgo Biloba Extract, Vitamin-Enriched Wheat